Barabdos Reise in die Kolonialzeit: Zu Besuch in den alten Herrenhäusern
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Barabdos - InhaltsverzeichnisZu Barbados gehört neben der Hauptinsel noch das winzige, direkt vor der Ostküste gelegene Culpepper Island. Kleinkriminalität wie Taschendiebstahl und Handtaschenraub sind keine Seltenheit und nehmen insbesondere bei Festen und besonderen Anlässen zu. Mehr Informationen. Der Staatshaushalt umfasste im Jahre Ausgaben von umgerechnet 1. Ohne ausreichenden Versicherungsschutz sind vor Ort notwendige Kosten z. Dann war es nach gutem englischem Brauch Zeit für einen Regierungswechsel. Barbados – allein der Name ruft Fernweh hervor! Die Karibikinsel ist ein Traumziel. Wir verraten, warum Sie auf Barbados unbedingt Urlaub machen sollten! Carlisle Bay, Barbados Wildlife Reserve, Platinum Coast, U-Boot fahren auf Barbados, Harrisons Cave. Barbados ist die östlichste Karibikinsel der Kleinen Antillen und ein Staat der Commonwealth of Nations. Auf einer Gesamtfläche von Quadratkilometern. Barbados. Insel der Kleinen Antillen, Staat im Commonwealth of Nations. Sprache · Beobachten · Bearbeiten · Welt > Amerika > Nordamerika.
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Calabaza Sailing Cruises. Silver Moon Charters. Bodie's School of Surf. Jetblade Barbados. Hunte's Gardens. Cliff Sharker.
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Can't-miss spots to dine, drink, and feast. Champers Restaurant. The Tides. Island Plates. Nishi Restaurant.
Free Wifi Pool Free parking Distance from. South Coast Boardwalk. George Washington House. Barbados Garrison. Parliament Buildings. Traveler rating.
Hotel class. Budget Mid-range Luxury Family-friendly Divi Resorts 2. Sandals 2. Small Luxury Hotels of the World 1.
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Free parking. Visit hotel website. Beach View. Special offer. Sugar Bay Barbados. The introduction of sugar cane from Dutch Brazil in completely transformed society, the economy and the physical landscape.
Barbados eventually had one of the world's biggest sugar industries. At first, Dutch traders supplied the equipment, financing, and enslaved Africans, in addition to transporting most of the sugar to Europe.
These English smallholders were eventually bought out and the island filled up with large sugar plantations worked by enslaved Africans.
By at least 12, white smallholders had been bought out, died, or left the island, many choosing to emigrate to Jamaica or the American Colonies notably the Carolinas.
By there were 17 slaves for every indentured servant. By , there were 15, free whites and 50, enslaved Africans.
The harsh conditions endured by the slaves resulted in several planned slave rebellions, the largest of which was Bussa's rebellion in which was suppressed by British troops.
The hurricane killed over 4, people on Barbados. Deep dissatisfaction with the situation on Barbados led many to emigrate. Full internal self-government was enacted in Barbados opted to remain within the British Commonwealth , retaining Queen Elizabeth as Monarch , represented locally by a Governor-General.
The Barrow government sought to diversify the economy away from agriculture, seeking to boost industry and the tourism sector.
Adams adopted a more conservative and strongly pro-Western stance, allowing the Americans to use Barbados as the launchpad for their invasion of Grenada in John , however he lost the Barbadian general election which saw the return of the DLP under Errol Barrow, who had been highly critical of the US intervention in Grenada.
However Barrow too died in office, and was replaced by Lloyd Erskine Sandiford who remained Prime Minister until Arthur was a strong advocate of republicanism, though a planned referendum to replace Queen Elizabeth as Head of State in never took place.
Barbados is the easternmost island in the Lesser Antilles. It is flat in comparison to its island neighbours to the west, the Windward Islands.
Barbados lies on the boundary of the South American and the Caribbean Plates. The land slopes in a series of "terraces" in the west and goes into an incline in the east.
A large proportion of the island is circled by coral reefs. The erosion of limestone in the northeast of the island, in the Scotland District, has resulted in the formation of various caves and gullies.
On the Atlantic east coast of the island coastal landforms , including stacks, have been created due to the limestone composition of the area.
Also notable in the island is the rocky cape known as Pico Teneriffe  or Pico de Tenerife, which is named after the fact that the island of Tenerife in Spain is the first land east of Barbados according to the belief of the locals.
The country generally experiences two seasons, one of which includes noticeably higher rainfall. Known as the " wet season ", this period runs from June to December.
By contrast, the " dry season " runs from December to May. On the Köppen climate classification scale, much of Barbados is regarded as a tropical monsoon climate Am.
Infrequent natural hazards include earthquakes, landslips , and hurricanes. Barbados is often spared the worst effects of the region's tropical storms and hurricanes during the rainy season.
Its location in the south-east of the Caribbean region puts the country just outside the principal hurricane strike zone. On average, a major hurricane strikes about once every 26 years.
The last significant hit from a hurricane to cause severe damage to Barbados was Hurricane Janet in ; in the island was struck by Hurricane Tomas , but this caused only minor damage across the country as it was only at Tropical Storm level of formation.
Barbados is susceptible to environmental pressures. As one of the world's most densely populated isles , the government worked during the s  to aggressively integrate the growing south coast of the island into the Bridgetown Sewage Treatment Plant to reduce contamination of offshore coral reefs.
Being so densely populated, Barbados has made great efforts to protect its underground aquifers.
As a coral-limestone island, Barbados is highly permeable to seepage of surface water into the earth. The government has placed great emphasis on protecting the catchment areas that lead directly into the huge network of underground aquifers and streams.
The government has placed a huge emphasis on keeping Barbados clean with the aim of protecting the environment and preserving offshore coral reefs which surround the island.
Although on the opposite side of the Atlantic, and some 4, kilometres 3, miles west of Africa, Barbados is one of many places in the American continent that experience heightened levels of mineral dust from the Sahara Desert.
Access to biocapacity in Barbados is much lower than world average. In , Barbados had 0. This means they use approximately five times as much biocapacity as Barbados contains.
As a result, Barbados is running a biocapacity deficit. Barbados is host to four species of nesting turtles green turtles , loggerheads , hawksbill turtles , and leatherbacks and has the second-largest hawksbill turtle-breeding population in the Caribbean.
Barbados is also the host to the green monkey. It was introduced to the West Indies in the late 17th century when slave trade ships travelled to the Caribbean from West Africa.
The national census conducted by the Barbados Statistical Service reported a resident population of ,, of which , were female and , were male.
The life expectancy for Barbados residents as of [update] is 79 years. The average life expectancy is 83 years for females and 78 years for males The crude birth rate is The infant mortality rate is Barbadians who return after years of residence in the United States and children born in America to Bajan parents are called "Bajan Yankees", a term considered derogatory by some.
English is the official language of Barbados, and is used for communications, administration, and public services all over the island.
In its capacity as the official language of the country, the standard of English tends to conform to the vocabulary, pronunciations, spellings, and conventions akin to, but not exactly the same as, those of British English.
An English-based creole language , referred to locally as Bajan , is spoken by most Barbadians in everyday life, especially in informal settings.
The degree of intelligibility between Bajan and general English, for the general English speaker, depends on the level of creolised vocabulary and idioms.
A Bajan speaker may be completely unintelligible to an English speaker from another country. Religion in Barbados .
Barbados has been an independent country since 30 November Both are advised on matters of the Barbadian state by the Prime Minister of Barbados , who is head of government.
There are 30 representatives within the House of Assembly. The Constitution of Barbados is the supreme law of the nation. New Acts are passed by the Barbadian Parliament and require royal assent by the governor-general to become law.
During the s at the suggestion of Trinidad and Tobago 's Patrick Manning , Barbados attempted a political union with Trinidad and Tobago and Guyana.
The project stalled after the then prime minister of Barbados, Lloyd Erskine Sandiford , became ill and his Democratic Labour Party lost the next general election.
Barbados functions as a two-party system. Since Independence on 30 November, , the Democratic Labour Party DLP has governed from to ; to ; and from to ; and the Barbados Labour Party BLP has also governed from to ; to ; and from to present.
The 4th Prime Minister, Sir. The 3rd Prime Minister, Sir. Harold St. Barbados follows a policy of nonalignment and seeks cooperative relations with all friendly states.
It grants at least MFN treatment to all its trading partners. European Union relations and cooperation with Barbados are carried out both on a bilateral and a regional basis.
Trade policy has also sought to protect a small number of domestic activities, mostly food production, from foreign competition, while recognising that most domestic needs are best met by imports.
Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines and Trinidad and Tobago. The Barbados Defence Force has roughly members.
Within it, to year-olds make up the Barbados Cadet Corps. The defence preparations of the island nation are closely tied to defence treaties with the United Kingdom, the United States, and the People's Republic of China.
Barbados is divided into 11 parishes:. George and St. Thomas are in the middle of the country and are the only parishes without coastlines.
Barbados is the 53rd richest country in the world in terms of GDP Gross Domestic Product per capita,  has a well-developed mixed economy , and a moderately high standard of living.
According to the World Bank, Barbados is classified as being in its 66 top high income economies of the world.
Historically, the economy of Barbados had been dependent on sugarcane cultivation and related activities, but since the late s and early s it has diversified into the manufacturing and tourism sectors.
Since the s the Barbados Government has been seen as business-friendly and economically sound. There was a strong economy between and , and the economy went into the recession in and due to slowdowns in tourism, consumer spending and the impact of the 11 September attacks in the United States and the 7 July London bombings in the United Kingdom, but rebounded in and has shown growth since and continued right through to and The economy went into recession again from to before showing growth from to and then it went back down to another recession from to Then in and , there was yet another economic recession until Recent government administrations have continued efforts to reduce unemployment, encourage foreign direct investment , and privatise remaining state-owned enterprises.
Unemployment was reduced to Barbados maintains the third largest stock exchange in the Caribbean region. As of [update] , officials at the stock exchange were investigating the possibility of augmenting the local exchange with an International Securities Market ISM venture.
In June the government defaulted on its sovereign debt when it failed to make a coupon on Eurobonds maturing in Creditors will exchange existing bonds for a new debt series maturing in The government of Barbados spends 6.
All young people in the country must attend school until age Barbados has over 70 primary schools and over 20 secondary schools throughout the island.
There is a number of private schools, including Montessori and the International Baccalaureate. Barbados Secondary School Entrance Examination: Children who are 11 years old but under 12 years old on 1 September in the year of the examination are required to write the examination as a means of allocation to secondary school.
Caribbean Secondary Education Certificate CSEC examinations are usually taken by students after five years of secondary school and mark the end of standard secondary education.
Caribbean Advanced Proficiency Examinations CAPE are taken by students who have completed their secondary education and wish to continue their studies.
Citizens are officially called Barbadians. The term "Bajan" pronounced BAY-jun may have come from a localised pronunciation of the word Barbadian, which at times can sound more like "Bar-bajan"; or, more likely, from English bay "bayling" , Portuguese baiano.
The largest carnival -like cultural event that takes place on the island is the Crop Over festival, which was established in As in many other Caribbean and Latin American countries, Crop Over is an important event for many people on the island, as well as the thousands of tourists that flock to there to participate in the annual events.
The male and female Barbadians who harvested the most sugarcane are crowned as the King and Queen of the crop.
A typical meal consists of a main dish of meat or fish, normally marinated with a mixture of herbs and spices, hot side dishes, and one or more salads.
The meal is usually served with one or more sauces. The Mount Gay Rum visitors centre in Barbados claims to be the world's oldest remaining rum company, with earliest confirmed deed from Cockspur Rum and Malibu are also from the island.
It was first brewed in and is available in certain Caricom nations. In music, nine-time Grammy Award winner Rihanna born in Saint Michael is one of Barbados's best-known artists and one of the best selling music artists of all time, selling over million records worldwide.
Grandmaster Flash born Joseph Saddler in Bridgetown in is a hugely influential musician of Barbadian origin, pioneering hip-hop DJing, cutting, and mixing in s New York.
The Merrymen are a well known Calypso band based in Barbados, performing from the s into the s. As in other Caribbean countries of British colonial heritage, cricket is very popular on the island.
The West Indies cricket team usually includes several Barbadian players. In addition to several warm-up matches and six "Super Eight" matches, the country hosted the final of the Cricket World Cup.
Horse racing takes place at the Historic Garrison Savannah close to Bridgetown. Spectators can pay for admission to the stands, or else can watch races from the public "rail", which encompasses the track.
Basketball is an increasingly popular sport, played at school or college. Barbados's national team has shown some unexpected results as in the past it beat many much larger countries.
The Barbados Golf Club is another course on the island. It has hosted the Barbados Open on several occasions. Volleyball is also popular and is mainly played indoors.
Tennis is gaining popularity and Barbados is home to Darian King , currently ranked th in the world and is the 2nd highest ranked player in the Caribbean.
The presence of the trade winds along with favourable swells make the southern tip of the island an ideal location for wave sailing an extreme form of the sport of windsurfing.
Philip south-east to North Point in St. Lucy north-central can take one and a half hours or longer due to traffic. Barbados has half as many registered cars as citizens.
Transport on the island is relatively convenient with " route taxis " called "ZRs" pronounced "Zed-Rs" travelling to most points on the island.
These small buses can at times be crowded, as passengers are generally never turned down regardless of the number. They will usually take the more scenic routes to destinations.
They generally depart from the capital Bridgetown or from Speightstown in the northern part of the island.
Including the ZRs, there are three bus systems running seven days a week though less frequently on Sundays. There are ZRs, the yellow minibuses and the blue Transport Board buses.
The Barbados Transport Board buses travel in regular bus routes and scheduled timetables across Barbados. Most routes require a connection in Bridgetown.
Some hotels also provide visitors with shuttles to points of interest on the island from outside the hotel lobby. There are several locally owned and operated vehicle rental agencies in Barbados but there are no multi-national companies.
The island's lone airport is the Grantley Adams International Airport. It receives daily flights by several major airlines from points around the globe, as well as several smaller regional commercial airlines and charters.
The airport serves as the main air-transportation hub for the eastern Caribbean. There was also a helicopter shuttle service, which offered air taxi services to a number of sites around the island, mainly on the West Coast tourist belt.
Air and maritime traffic was regulated by the Barbados Port Authority. Bajan Helicopters were opened in April and closed in April because of the economic crisis and recession facing Barbados.
However, based on proximity, these islands are sometimes grouped with the Windward Islands culturally and politically. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the country in the Caribbean.