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All Action. All Simulation. All Multiplayer. All Skill. All Sports. For you. Join for free. Verb Phrases play along , to cooperate or concur; go along.
Are you learning new vocabulary? Or do you just have an interest in words? Either way, this quiz is for you. Idioms for play bring into play , to put into motion; cause to be introduced: New evidence has been brought into play in this trial.
Also play into someone's hands. Also play safe. Origin of play before ; noun Middle English pleye, Old English plega; v. Middle English pleyen, Old English pleg i an cognate with Middle Dutch pleien to leap for joy, dance, rejoice, be glad.
Play, game, sport refer to forms of diverting activity. Play is the general word for any such form of activity, often undirected, spontaneous, or random: Childhood should be a time for play.
Play is something that most children partake in, but the way play is executed is different between cultures and the way that children engage with play varies universally.
The seminal text in the field of play studies is the book Homo Ludens first published in with several subsequent editions, in which Johan Huizinga defines play as follows:  : It is an activity connected with no material interest, and no profit can be gained by it.
It proceeds within its own proper boundaries of time and space according to fixed rules and in an orderly manner. It promotes the formation of social groupings that tend to surround themselves with secrecy and to stress the difference from the common world by disguise or other means.
This definition of play as constituting a separate and independent sphere of human activity is sometimes referred to as the "magic circle" notion of play, a phrase also attributed to Huizinga.
Jean Piaget stated, "the many theories of play expounded in the past are clear proof that the phenomenon is difficult to understand.
There are multiple aspects of play people home in on when defining it. Other definitions may focus on play as an activity that must follow certain characteristics including willingness to engage, uncertainty of the outcome, and productivity of the activity to society.
Play can take the form of improvisation or pretense, interactive, performance, mimicry, games, sports, and thrill-seeking, such as extreme or dangerous sports sky-diving, high-speed racing, etc.
Improvisation, composition, writing, painting, theater, invention, all creative acts are forms of play, the starting place of creativity in the human growth cycle, and one of the great primal life functions.
Without play, learning and evolution are impossible. Play is the taproot from which original art springs; it is the raw stuff that the artist channels and organizes with all his learning and technique.
Free Play, p. Free play gives children the freedom to decide what they want to play and how it will be played.
Both the activity and the rules are subject to change in this form, and children can make any changes to the rules or objectives of the play at any time.
Structured play has clearly defined goals and rules and such play is called a " game ". Other play is unstructured or open-ended.
Both types of play promote adaptive behaviors and mental states of happiness. Sports with defined rules will take place within designated play spaces, such as sports fields where, in Soccer for example, players kick a ball in a certain direction and push opponents out of their way as they do so.
While appropriate within the sport's play space, these same behaviors might be inappropriate or even illegal outside the playing field.
Other designed play spaces can be playgrounds with dedicated equipment and structures to promote active and social play. Some play spaces go even farther in specialization to bring the play indoors and will often charge admission as seen at Children's Museums , Science Centers , or Family Entertainment Centers.
Family Entertainment Centers or Play Zones are typically For-Profit businesses purely for play and entertainment, while Children's Museums and Science Centers are typically Non-Profit organizations for educational entertainment.
The California-based National Institute for Play describes seven play patterns: . Separate from self-initiated play, play therapy is used as a clinical application of play aimed at treating children who suffer from trauma, emotional issues and other problems.
In young children, play is frequently associated with cognitive development and socialization. Play that promotes learning and recreation often incorporates toys , props , tools or other playmates.
Play can consist of an amusing, pretend or imaginary activity alone or with another. Some forms of play are rehearsals or trials for later life events, such as "play fighting", pretend social encounters such as parties with dolls , or flirting.
As children get older, they engage in board games, video games and computer play, and in this context the word gameplay is used to describe the concept and theory of play and its relationship to rules and game design.
In their book, Rules of Play , researchers Katie Salen and Eric Zimmerman outline 18 schemas for games, using them to define "play", "interaction" and "design" formally for behaviorists.
Play is explicitly recognized in Article 31 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations , November 29, , which declares:.
American historian Howard Chudacoff has studied the interplay between parental control of toys and games and children's drive for freedom to play.
In the colonial era, toys were makeshift and children taught each other very simple games with little adult supervision.
The market economy of the 19th century enabled the modern concept of childhood as a distinct, happy life stage.
Factory-made dolls and doll houses delighted young girls. Organized sports filtered down from adults and colleges, and boys learned to play with a bat, a ball and an impromptu playing field.
With the rise of motor vehicle traffic in the 20th century, teenagers were increasingly organized into club sports supervised and coached by adults, with swimming taught at summer camps and through supervised playgrounds.
The act of play time is a cross-cultural phenomenon that is universally accepted and encouraged by most communities; however, it can differ in the ways that is performed.
Some cultures, such as Euro-American cultural heritages, encourage play time in order to stress cognitive benefits and the importance of learning how to care for one's self.
Other cultures, such as people of African American or Asian American heritages, stress more group oriented learning and play where kids can learn what they can do with and for others.
Parents in the Mayan culture do interact with their children in a playful mindset while parents in the United States tend to set aside time to play and teach their children through games and activities.
In the Mayan community, children are supported in their playing but also encouraged to play while watching their parents do household work in order to become familiar with how to follow in their footsteps.
All around the world, children use different natural materials like stones, water, sand, leaves, fruits, sticks and a variety of resources to play.
In addition, there are groups that have access to crafts, industrialized toys, electronics and video-games.
In Australia, games and sports are part of play. There, play can be considered as preparation for life and self- expression, like in many other countries.
These activities are similar to other forms of play worldwide. For instance, children can be seen comforting their toy dolls or animals, anything that they have modeled from adults in their communities.
In Brazil, we can find children playing with balls, kites, marbles, pretend houses or mud kitchens, like in many other countries.
In smaller communities they use mud balls, little stones or cashews to replace marbles. At an indigenous community of Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta in Colombia, children's play is highly valued and encouraged by leaders and parents.
They interact with the children of different ages and explore together different environments to let the children express themselves as part of the group.
Some children in the Sahara use clay figures as their forms of playful toys. Toys in general are a representation of cultural practices.
They usually illustrate characters and objects of a community. Play time can be used as a way for children to learn the different ways of their culture.
Many communities use play to emulate work. The way in which children mimic work through their play can differ according to the opportunities they have access to, but it is something that tends to be promoted by adults.
Sportive activities are one of the most universal forms of play. Sports can be played as a leisure activity or within a competition. According to sociologist Norbert Elias ; it is an important part of "civilization process".
Youth sport can provide a positive outcome for youth development. Research shows adolescents are more motivated and engaged in sports than any other activity,   and these conditions predict a richer personal and interpersonal development.
Dramatic play is common in younger children. With regular participation in a variety of sports, children can develop and become more proficient at various sports skills including, but not limited to, jumping , kicking , running , throwing , etc.
More specifically, young athletes could develop the following . Moreover, research shows that regular participation in sport and physical activity is highly associated with lowering the risk of diabetes , heart disease , obesity , and other related diseases.
According to research by the Australian Early Childhood Mental Health Initiative,  children can be assisted in dealing with and managing stress by developing their sense of optimism when playing sports.
Although adults who engage in excessive amounts of play may find themselves described as "childish" or "young at heart" by less playful adults, play is an important activity, regardless of age.
Creativity and happiness can result from adult play, where the objective can be more than fun alone, as in adult expression of the arts, or curiosity-driven science.
In creative professions, such as design, playfulness can remove more serious attitudes such as shame or embarrassment that impede brainstorming or artistic experimentation in design.
Imaginative play and role play may allow adult individuals to practice useful habits such as learned optimism , which is helpful in managing fear or terrors.
Play also offers adults the opportunity to practice concepts that may not have been explicitly or formally taught e.
Thus, even though play is just one of many tools used by effective adults, it remains a necessary one.
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